Power coupler kick of the TRIUMF ICM capture cavities

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YAN Fang. Power coupler kick of the TRIUMF ICM capture cavities[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2011, 35(6): 590-595. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/35/6/016
YAN Fang. Power coupler kick of the TRIUMF ICM capture cavities[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2011, 35(6): 590-595.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/35/6/016 shu
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Received: 2010-09-26
Revised: 2010-11-22
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Power coupler kick of the TRIUMF ICM capture cavities

Abstract: The TRIUMF Injector CryoModule (ICM) adapted two superconducting single cavities as the capture section for the low injecting energy of 100 keV electrons. Coupler kick induced beam deflection and projected emittance growth are one of the prime concerns of the beam stability, especially at low energies. In low energy applications, the electron velocity changes rapidly inside the cavity, which makes the numerical analysis much more complicated. The commonly used theoretical formulas of the direct integral or the Panofsky-Wenzel theorem is not suitable for the kick calculation of β<1 electrons. Despite that, the above mentioned kick calculation method doesn't consider injecting electron energy, the beam offset due to the coupler kick may not be negligible because of the low injection energy even if the kick is optimized. Thus the beam dynamics code TRACK is used here for the simulation of the power coupler kick perturbation. The coupler kick can be compensated for by a judicious choice of the coupler position in successive cavities from upstream to downstream. The simulation shows that because of the adiabatic damping by the following superconducting 9-cell cavity, even for the worst orbit distortion case after two capture cavities, the kick is still acceptable at the exit of the ICM after reaching 10 MeV. This paper presents the analysis of the transverse kick and the projected emittance growth induced by the coupler for β<1 electrons. The simulated results of the TRIUMF ICM capture cavities are described and presented.

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