Higlights
  • A coupled-channel lattice study of the resonance-like structure Zc(3900)
    In this exploratory study, near-threshold scattering of D and $\bar{D}^*$ meson is investigated using lattice QCD with $N_f=2+1+1$ twisted mass fermion configurations. The calculation is performed in the coupled-channel Lüscher finite-size formalism. The study focuses on the channel with $I^G(J^{PC})=1^+(1^{+-})$ where the resonance-like structure $Z_c(3900)$ was discovered. We first identify the two most relevant channels and the lattice study is performed in the two-channel scattering model. Combined with the two-channel Ross-Shaw theory, scattering parameters are extracted from the energy levels by solving the generalized eigenvalue problem. Our results for the scattering length parameters suggest that for the particular lattice parameters that we studied, the best fit parameters do not correspond to the peak in the elastic scattering cross-section near the threshold. Furthermore, in the zero-range Ross-Shaw theory, the scenario of a narrow resonance close to the threshold is disfavored beyond the 3$\sigma$ level.
  • Dark matter and LHC phenomenology of a scale-invariant scotogenic model
    We study the phenomenology of a model that addresses the neutrino mass, dark matter, and generation of the electroweak scale in a single framework. Electroweak symmetry breaking is realized via the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in a classically scale invariant theory, while the neutrino mass is generated radiatively through interactions with dark matter in a typically scotogenic manner. The model introduces a scalar triplet and singlet and a vector-like fermion doublet that carry an odd parity of $ Z_2 $, and an even parity scalar singlet that helps preserve classical scale invariance. We sample over the parameter space by taking into account various experimental constraints from the dark matter relic density and direct detection, direct scalar searches, neutrino mass, and charged lepton flavor violating decays. We then examine by detailed simulations possible signatures at the LHC to find some benchmark points of the free parameters. We find that the future high-luminosity LHC will have a significant potential in detecting new physics signals in the dilepton channel.
  • F(R) gravity in the early Universe: electroweak phase transition and chameleon mechanism
    It is widely believed that the screening mechanism is an essential feature for the modified gravity theory. Although this mechanism has been examined thoroughly in the past decade, their analyses are based on a conventional fluid prescription for the matter-sector configuration. In this paper, we demonstrate a new formulation of the chameleon mechanism in F(R) gravity theory, to shed light on quantum-field theoretical effects on the chameleon mechanism as well as the related scalaron physics, induced by the matter sector. We show a possibility that the chameleon mechanism is absent in the early Universe based on a scale-invariant-extended scenario beyond the standard model of particle physics, in which a realistic electroweak phase transition, yielding the right amount of baryon asymmetry of Universe today, simultaneously breaks the scale invariance in the early Universe. We also briefly discuss the oscillation of the scalaron field and indirect generation of non-tensorial gravitational waves induced by the electroweak phase transition.
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  • Improved eikonal approach for charge exchange reactions at intermediate energies
    Published: 2019-10-17, doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/43/12/124102
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    In order to describe charge exchange reactions at intermediate energies, we implemented as a first step the formulation of the normal eikonal approach. The calculated differential cross-sections based on this approach deviated significantly from the conventional DWBA calculations for CE reactions at 140 MeV/nucleon. Thereafter, improvements were made in the application of the eikonal approximation so as to keep a strict three-dimensional form factor. The results obtained with the improved eikonal approach are in good agreement with the DWBA calculations and with the experimental data. Since the improved eikonal approach can be formulated in a microscopic way, it is easy to apply to CE reactions at higher energies, where the phenomenological DWBA is a priori difficult to use due to the lack, in most cases, of the required phenomenological potentials.
  • Possibilities of producing superheavy nuclei in multinucleon transfer reactions based on radioactive targets
    Published: 2019-10-17, doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/43/12/124103
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    The multinucleon transfer (MNT) process has been proposed as a promising approach to produce neutron-rich superheavy nuclei (SHN). MNT reactions based on the radioactive targets 249Cf, 254Es, and 257Fm are investigated within the framework of the improved version of a dinuclear system (DNS-sysu) model. The MNT reaction 238U + 238U was studied extensively as a promising candidate for producing SHN. However, based on the calculated cross-sections, it was found that there is little possibility to produce SHN in the reaction 238U + 238U. In turn, the production of SHN in reactions with radioactive targets is likely.
  • Nuclear mass parabola and its applications
    Published: 2019-10-17, doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/43/12/124104
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    We propose a method for extracting the properties of the isobaric mass parabola based on the total double $ \beta $-decay energies of isobaric nuclei. Two important parameters of the mass parabola, the location of the most $ \beta $-stable nuclei $ Z_{A} $ and the curvature parameter $ b_{A} $, are obtained for 251 A values, based on the total double $ \beta $-decay energies of nuclei compiled in the AME2016 database. The advantage of this approach is that the pairing energy term $ P_{A} $ caused by the odd-even variation can be removed in the process, as well as the mass excess $ M(A,Z_{A}) $ of the most stable nuclide for the mass number A, which are employed in the mass parabolic fitting method. The Coulomb energy coefficient $ a_{c} = 0.6910 $ MeV is determined by the mass difference relation for mirror nuclei, and the symmetry energy coefficient is also studied by the relation $ a_{\rm sym}(A) = 0.25b_{A}Z_{A} $.
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