Highlights
  • Orientation dichroism effect of proton scattering on deformed nuclei
    Proton-induced scattering of 238U nuclei, with spheroidal deformations at beam energies above 100 MeV, is simulated using an improved quantum molecular dynamics model. The angular distribution of the deflected protons is highly sensitive to the orientation of the symmetrical long axis of the target nuclei with respect to the beam direction. As a result, in reverse kinematic reactions, an orientation dichroism effect is predicted, implying that the absorption rate of the 238U beam by a proton target discerns between the parallel and perpendicular orientations of the deformed 238U nuclei.
  • Gauge dependence of the perturbative QCD predictions under the momentum-space subtraction scheme
    The momentum-space subtraction (MOM) scheme is one of the most frequently used renormalization schemes in perturbative QCD (pQCD) theory. In this paper, we discuss in detail the gauge dependence of the pQCD predictions obtained under the MOM scheme. Conventionally, a renormalization scale ambiguity exists for the fixed-order pQCD predictions; this assigns an arbitrary range and error for the fixed-order pQCD prediction and makes the discussions on the issue of the gauge dependence much more involved. The principle of maximum conformality (PMC) adopts the renormalization group equation to determine the magnitude of the coupling constant; hence, it determines the effective momentum flow of the process, which is independent of the choice of renormalization scale. Thus, no renormalization scale ambiguity exists in PMC predictions. To focus our attention on the MOM scheme's gauge dependence, we first apply the PMC to deal with the pQCD series. As an explicit example, we adopt the Higgs boson decay width $ \Gamma(H\to gg) $ up to its five-loop QCD contribution, to demonstrate the behavior of the gauge dependence before and after applying the PMC. Interaction vertices are chosen to define five different MOM schemes: mMOM, MOMh, MOMq, MOMg, and MOMgg. Under these MOM schemes, we obtain $ \Gamma(H \to gg)|^{\rm{mMOM}}_{\rm{PMC}} =$$332.8{^{+11.6}_{-3.7}}\pm7.3\; \rm{keV}$, $ \Gamma(H \to gg)|^{\rm{MOMh}}_{\rm{PMC}} = 332.8{^{+27.5}_{-34.6}}\pm7.3\; \rm{keV} $, $ \Gamma(H \to gg)|^{\rm{MOMq}}_{\rm{PMC}} = 332.9{^{+27.4}_{-34.7}}\pm 7.3\; \rm{keV} $, $ \Gamma(H \to gg)|^{\rm{MOMg}}_{\rm{PMC}} = 332.7{^{+27.5}_{-34.6}}\pm7.3\; \rm{keV} $, and $ \Gamma(H \to gg)|^{\rm{MOMgg}}_{\rm{PMC}} = 337.9{^{+1.2}_{-1.7}}\pm 7.7\; \rm{keV} $; here, the central values correspond to the Landau gauge with the gauge parameter $ \xi^{\rm MOM} = 0 $, the first errors correspond to $ \xi^{\rm MOM}\in[-1,1] $, and the second ones arise through taking $ \Delta \alpha_s^{\overline{\rm MS}}(M_Z) = \pm0.0011 $. The uncertainty of the Higgs mass $ \Delta M_H = 0.24\; \rm{GeV} $ causes an extra error of $ \sim \pm1.7 $ (or $ \sim\pm1.8 $) keV for all the aforementioned MOM schemes. It is found that the Higgs decay width $ \Gamma (H\to gg) $ depends very weakly on the choice of MOM scheme, which is consistent with renormalization group invariance. It is found that the gauge dependence of $ \Gamma(H\to gg) $ under the $ \rm{MOMgg} $ scheme is less than ±1%, which is the smallest gauge dependence among all the aforementioned MOM schemes.
  • Cross-section measurements for 58,60,61Ni(n, α)55,57,58Fe reactions in the 4.50 – 5.50 MeV neutron energy region
    The cross sections at 5 energy points of the 58Ni(n, α)55Fe reaction were measured in the 4.50 MeV ≤ En ≤ 5.50 MeV region while those for the 60Ni(n, α)57Fe and 61Ni(n, α)58Fe reactions were measured at En = 5.00 and 5.50 MeV using the 4.5 MV Van de Graaff accelerator at Peking University. A gridded twin ionization chamber (GIC) was used as the detector, and enriched 58Ni, 60Ni, and 61Ni foil samples were prepared and mounted at the sample changer of the GIC. Three highly enriched 238U3O8 samples inside the GIC were used to determine the relative and absolute neutron fluxes. The neutron energy spectra were obtained through unfolding the pulse height spectra measured by the EJ-309 liquid scintillator. The interference from the low-energy neutrons and impurities in the samples has been corrected. The present data of the 60Ni(n, α)57Fe reaction are the first measurement results below 6.0 MeV, and those of the 61Ni(n, α)58Fe reactions are the first measurement results in the MeV region. The present results have been compared with existing measurements, evaluations, and TALYS-1.9 calculations.
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  • Universal function of the diffractive process in color dipole picture
    Published: 2020-12-04
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    In this study, we obtain the universal function corresponding to the diffractive process and show that the cross section exhibits geometrical scaling. It is observed that diffractive theory according to the color dipole approach at small-x is a convenient framework that reveals the color transparency and saturation phenomena. We also calculate the contribution of heavy quark production in the diffractive cross section at high energy that is determined by the small size dipole configuration. The ratio of the diffractive cross section to the total cross section in electron-proton collision is the other important quantity that is computed in this work.
  • Mass of a short-range correlated nucleon
    Published: 2020-12-03
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    Nucleon properties and structure should be modified by short-range correlations (SRC) among nucleons. By analyzing SRC ratio data, we extract the mass of a nucleon in an SRC pair and the expected number of pn-SRC pairs in deuterium, under the assumption that the SRC nucleon mass is universal for different nuclei. The nucleon mass of a two-nucleon SRC pair is $m_{\rm{SRC}}$= 852 ± 18 MeV, and the number of pn-SRC pairs in deuterium is $n^{d}_{\rm{SRC}}$=0.021 ± 0.005. The mass deficit of the strongly overlapping nucleon can be explained by the trace anomaly contribution to the mass in QCD or alternatively by the vacuum energy in the MIT bag model.
  • Analysis of strong refractive effect within 11Li projectile structure
    Published: 2020-12-02
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    In the context of the double folding optical model, the strong refractive effect for elastic scattering of 11Li + 12C and 11Li + 28Si systems at incident energies of 29, 50, and 60 MeV/n is studied. Real folded potentials are generated based on a variety of nucleon-nucleon interactions with the suggested density distributions for the halo structure of 11Li nuclei. The rearrangement term (RT) of the extended realistic density dependent CDM3Y6 effective interaction is considered. The imaginary potential was taken in the traditional standard Woods-Saxon form. Satisfactory results for the calculated potentials are obtained, with a slight effect of the RT in CDM3Y6 potential. Successful reproduction with a normalization factor close to one for the observed angular distributions of the elastic scattering differential cross section has been achieved using the derived potentials. The obtained reaction cross-section is studied as a guide by extrapolating our calculations and previous results.
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