Chemical composition of the lunar surface from neutron leakage fluxes

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CHENG Yu, DONG Tie-Kuang, DONG Wu-Dong, REN Zhong-Zhou and XU Ao-Ao. Chemical composition of the lunar surface from neutron leakage fluxes[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2011, 35(8): 735-740. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/35/8/007
CHENG Yu, DONG Tie-Kuang, DONG Wu-Dong, REN Zhong-Zhou and XU Ao-Ao. Chemical composition of the lunar surface from neutron leakage fluxes[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2011, 35(8): 735-740.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/35/8/007 shu
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Received: 2010-11-15
Revised: 1900-01-01
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Chemical composition of the lunar surface from neutron leakage fluxes

Abstract: The neutron leakage fluxes from the lunar surface are calculated by Monte Carlo transport code based on Geant4. The integral fluxes of fast neutrons, epi-thermal neutrons and thermal neutrons are analyzed. Numerical results for 20 kinds of lunar soils and 7 minerals show that the fast neutron fluxes are linearly related to the average atomic mass numbers of the lunar materials used in simulations. Meanwhile, the average atomic mass numbers are strongly modulated by the abundances of iron (Fe) and titanium (Ti), and a linear relationship between the average atomic mass numbers and the abundances of Fe and Ti is found. Furthermore, the results show that the ratios of epi-thermal to thermal fluxes for lunar soils are linearly related to the macroscopic absorption cross sections of lunar materials, and that the macroscopic absorption cross sections monotonically increase with the abundances of Fe and Ti by a simple function. Then we reach the conclusion that the neutron fluxes can provide the information about the Fe and Ti contents.

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