Thermal neutron flux produced by EAS at various altitudes

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LIU Ye, MA Xin-Hua and ZHAO Jing. Thermal neutron flux produced by EAS at various altitudes[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2013, 37(1): 015001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/37/1/015001
LIU Ye, MA Xin-Hua and ZHAO Jing. Thermal neutron flux produced by EAS at various altitudes[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2013, 37(1): 015001.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/37/1/015001 shu
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Received: 2012-04-17
Revised: 2012-05-22
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Thermal neutron flux produced by EAS at various altitudes

    Corresponding author: MA Xin-Hua,

Abstract: The results of Monte-Carlo simulations of extensive air shower are presented to show the difference of hadronic component content at various altitudes with the aim to choose an optimal altitude for the PRISMA-like experiment. CORSIKA program for EAS simulations with QGSJET and GHEISHA models was used to calculate the number of hadrons reaching the observational level inside a circle of 50 m radius around the EAS axis. Then the number of neutrons produced by the hadronic component was calculated using an empirical relationship between the two components. We have tested the results with the ProtoPRISMA array at sea level, and recorded the neutrons which are consistent with the simulation results.

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