Spatial and temporal variations of the fine-structure constant in the Finslerian universe

  • Recent observations show that the electromagnetic fine-structure constant, αe, may vary with space and time. In the framework of Finsler spacetime, we propose here an anisotropic cosmological model, in which both spatial and temporal variations of αe are allowed. Our model naturally leads to the dipole structure of αe, and predicts that the dipole amplitude increases with time. We fit our model to the most up-to-date measurements of αe from the quasar absorption lines. It is found that the dipole direction points towards (l,b)=(330.2°±7.3°,-13.0°±5.6°) in galactic coordinates, and the anisotropic parameter is b0=(0.47±0.09) ×10-5, which corresponds to a dipole amplitude (7.2±1.4)×10-8 at redshift z=0.015. This is consistent with the upper limit of the variation of αe measured in the Milky Way. We also fit our model to Union2.1 type Ia supernovae, and find that the preferred direction of Union2.1 is consistent with the dipole direction of αe.
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Xin Li and Hai-Nan Lin. Spatial and temporal variations of the fine-structure constant in the Finslerian universe[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(6): 065102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/6/065102
Xin Li and Hai-Nan Lin. Spatial and temporal variations of the fine-structure constant in the Finslerian universe[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2017, 41(6): 065102.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/41/6/065102 shu
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Received: 2017-01-14
Revised: 2017-02-19
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    Supported by Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (106112016CDJCR301206), National Natural Science Fund of China (11305181, 11547035, 11603005), and Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (Y5KF181CJ1).}

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Spatial and temporal variations of the fine-structure constant in the Finslerian universe

    Corresponding author: Xin Li,
    Corresponding author: Hai-Nan Lin,
  • 1. Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China
  • 2. State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • 3.  Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China
Fund Project:  Supported by Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (106112016CDJCR301206), National Natural Science Fund of China (11305181, 11547035, 11603005), and Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (Y5KF181CJ1).}

Abstract: Recent observations show that the electromagnetic fine-structure constant, αe, may vary with space and time. In the framework of Finsler spacetime, we propose here an anisotropic cosmological model, in which both spatial and temporal variations of αe are allowed. Our model naturally leads to the dipole structure of αe, and predicts that the dipole amplitude increases with time. We fit our model to the most up-to-date measurements of αe from the quasar absorption lines. It is found that the dipole direction points towards (l,b)=(330.2°±7.3°,-13.0°±5.6°) in galactic coordinates, and the anisotropic parameter is b0=(0.47±0.09) ×10-5, which corresponds to a dipole amplitude (7.2±1.4)×10-8 at redshift z=0.015. This is consistent with the upper limit of the variation of αe measured in the Milky Way. We also fit our model to Union2.1 type Ia supernovae, and find that the preferred direction of Union2.1 is consistent with the dipole direction of αe.

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