Constraints on the sum of neutrino masses using cosmological data including the latest extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample

  • We investigate the constraints on the sum of neutrino masses (Σmν) using the most recent cosmological data, which combines the distance measurement from baryonic acoustic oscillation in the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample with the power spectra of temperature and polarization anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background from the Planck 2015 data release. We also use other low-redshift observations, including the baryonic acoustic oscillation at relatively low redshifts, Type Ia supernovae, and the local measurement of the Hubble constant. In the standard cosmological constant Λ cold dark matter plus massive neutrino model, we obtain the 95% upper limit to be Σmν<0.129 eV for the degenerate mass hierarchy, Σmν<0.159 eV for the normal mass hierarchy, and Σmν<0.189 eV for the inverted mass hierarchy. Based on Bayesian evidence, we find that the degenerate hierarchy is positively supported, and the current data combination cannot distinguish between normal and inverted hierarchies. Assuming the degenerate mass hierarchy, we extend our study to non-standard cosmological models including generic dark energy, spatial curvature, and extra relativistic degrees of freedom, but find these models are not favored by the data.
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Sai Wang, Yi-Fan Wang and Dong-Mei Xia. Constraints on the sum of neutrino masses using cosmological data including the latest extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2018, 42(6): 065103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/42/6/065103
Sai Wang, Yi-Fan Wang and Dong-Mei Xia. Constraints on the sum of neutrino masses using cosmological data including the latest extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2018, 42(6): 065103.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/42/6/065103 shu
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Received: 2018-02-22
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    SW is Supported by a grant from the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (14301214), DMX is Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11505018) and the Chongqing Science and Technology Plan Project (Cstc2015jvyj40031)

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Constraints on the sum of neutrino masses using cosmological data including the latest extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample

  • 1.  Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N. T., Hong Kong SAR 999077, China
  • 2.  Key Laboratory of Low-grade Energy Utilization Technologies &
Fund Project:  SW is Supported by a grant from the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (14301214), DMX is Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11505018) and the Chongqing Science and Technology Plan Project (Cstc2015jvyj40031)

Abstract: We investigate the constraints on the sum of neutrino masses (Σmν) using the most recent cosmological data, which combines the distance measurement from baryonic acoustic oscillation in the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR14 quasar sample with the power spectra of temperature and polarization anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background from the Planck 2015 data release. We also use other low-redshift observations, including the baryonic acoustic oscillation at relatively low redshifts, Type Ia supernovae, and the local measurement of the Hubble constant. In the standard cosmological constant Λ cold dark matter plus massive neutrino model, we obtain the 95% upper limit to be Σmν<0.129 eV for the degenerate mass hierarchy, Σmν<0.159 eV for the normal mass hierarchy, and Σmν<0.189 eV for the inverted mass hierarchy. Based on Bayesian evidence, we find that the degenerate hierarchy is positively supported, and the current data combination cannot distinguish between normal and inverted hierarchies. Assuming the degenerate mass hierarchy, we extend our study to non-standard cosmological models including generic dark energy, spatial curvature, and extra relativistic degrees of freedom, but find these models are not favored by the data.

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