Constraining Lorentz invariance violation from the continuous spectra of short gamma-ray bursts

  • In some quantum gravity theories, a foamy structure of space-time may lead to Lorentz invariance violation(LIV). As the most energetic explosions in the Universe, gamma-ray bursts(GRBs) provide an effect way to probe quantum gravity effects. In this paper, we use the continuous spectra of 20 short GRBs detected by the Swift satellite to give a conservative lower limit of quantum gravity energy scale MQG. Due to the LIV effect, photons with different energy have different velocities. This will lead to the delayed arrival of high energy photons relative to low energy ones. Based on the fact that the LIV-induced time delay cannot be longer than the duration of a GRB, we present the most conservative estimate of the quantum gravity energy scales from 20 short GRBs. The strictest constraint, MQG>5.05×1014 GeV in the linearly corrected case, is from GRB 140622A. Our constraint on MQG, although not as tight as previous results, is the safest and most reliable so far.
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Zhe Chang, Xin Li, Hai-Nan Lin, Yu Sang, Ping Wang and Sai Wang. Constraining Lorentz invariance violation from the continuous spectra of short gamma-ray bursts[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2016, 40(4): 045102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/4/045102
Zhe Chang, Xin Li, Hai-Nan Lin, Yu Sang, Ping Wang and Sai Wang. Constraining Lorentz invariance violation from the continuous spectra of short gamma-ray bursts[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2016, 40(4): 045102.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/4/045102 shu
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Received: 2015-07-20
Revised: 2015-12-01
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    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375203, 11305181, 11322545, 11335012) and Knowledge Innovation Program of The Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Constraining Lorentz invariance violation from the continuous spectra of short gamma-ray bursts

    Corresponding author: Yu Sang,
  • 1.  Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 2.  Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China
  • 3.  State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Fund Project:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375203, 11305181, 11322545, 11335012) and Knowledge Innovation Program of The Chinese Academy of Sciences

Abstract: In some quantum gravity theories, a foamy structure of space-time may lead to Lorentz invariance violation(LIV). As the most energetic explosions in the Universe, gamma-ray bursts(GRBs) provide an effect way to probe quantum gravity effects. In this paper, we use the continuous spectra of 20 short GRBs detected by the Swift satellite to give a conservative lower limit of quantum gravity energy scale MQG. Due to the LIV effect, photons with different energy have different velocities. This will lead to the delayed arrival of high energy photons relative to low energy ones. Based on the fact that the LIV-induced time delay cannot be longer than the duration of a GRB, we present the most conservative estimate of the quantum gravity energy scales from 20 short GRBs. The strictest constraint, MQG>5.05×1014 GeV in the linearly corrected case, is from GRB 140622A. Our constraint on MQG, although not as tight as previous results, is the safest and most reliable so far.

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