Development and prospects of Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) techniques

  • Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) is an upgrade of the traditional Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) technique which can cover three orders of magnitude of length scale from one nanometer to one micrometer. It is a powerful tool for structure calibration in polymer science, biology, material science and condensed matter physics. Since the first VSANS instrument, D11 in Grenoble, was built in 1972, new collimation techniques, focusing optics (multi-beam converging apertures, material or magnetic lenses, and focusing mirrors) and higher resolution detectors combined with the long flight paths and long incident neutron wavelengths have been developed. In this paper, a detailed review is given of the development, principles and application conditions of various VSANS techniques. Then, beam current gain factors are calculated to evaluate those techniques. A VSANS design for the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is thereby presented.
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Tai-Sen Zuo, He Cheng, Yuan-Bo Chen and Fang-Wei Wang. Development and prospects of Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) techniques[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2016, 40(7): 076204. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/7/076204
Tai-Sen Zuo, He Cheng, Yuan-Bo Chen and Fang-Wei Wang. Development and prospects of Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) techniques[J]. Chinese Physics C, 2016, 40(7): 076204.  doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/7/076204 shu
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Received: 2015-11-19
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    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21474119, 11305191)

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Development and prospects of Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) techniques

    Corresponding author: He Cheng,
    Corresponding author: Yuan-Bo Chen,
Fund Project:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21474119, 11305191)

Abstract: Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) is an upgrade of the traditional Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) technique which can cover three orders of magnitude of length scale from one nanometer to one micrometer. It is a powerful tool for structure calibration in polymer science, biology, material science and condensed matter physics. Since the first VSANS instrument, D11 in Grenoble, was built in 1972, new collimation techniques, focusing optics (multi-beam converging apertures, material or magnetic lenses, and focusing mirrors) and higher resolution detectors combined with the long flight paths and long incident neutron wavelengths have been developed. In this paper, a detailed review is given of the development, principles and application conditions of various VSANS techniques. Then, beam current gain factors are calculated to evaluate those techniques. A VSANS design for the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is thereby presented.

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