## 2008 Vol. 32, No. 10

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**Abstract:**

We investigate the D^{0}-D^{0} mixing through the doubly Cabibbo suppressed (DCS) channel D0→f_{0}(980)K^{*0} and its charge conjugate channel, in which the K^{*0} meson is reconstructed in both K^{+}π^{－} and K_{Sπ0} final state. Although the decay D^{0}→f_{0}(980)K^{*} has a small branching ratio, the final state mesons are relatively easy to identify. The f_{0}(980) meson can be replaced by the S-wave π^{+}π^{－} state, or a longitudinally polarized vector meson ρ^{0}. All mixing parameters, including the mass difference and decay width difference, can be extracted by studying the time-dependent decay width of these channels. We show that the method is valid in all regions for mixing parameters and it does not depend on the strong phase difference.

**Abstract:**

The effects of absolute energy calibration on BESⅢ physics are discussed in detail, which mainly involve the effects on τ mass measurement, cross section scan measurement, and generic error determination in other measurements.

**Abstract:**

Within the heavy quark limit and the hierarchy approximation λ_{QCD}<< m_{D}<^{0}D^{0} and B_{s}→D^{0}D^{0} decays, which occur purely via annihilation type diagrams. As a rough estimate, we calculate their branching ratios and CP asymmetries in the perturbative QCD (PQCD) approach. The branching ratio of B→D^{0}D^{0} is about 3.8×10^{－5} that is just below the latest experimental upper limit. The branching ratio of B_{s}→D^{0}D^{0} is about 6.8×10^{－4}, which could be measured in LHC-b. From the calculation, it is found that this branching ratio is not sensitive to the weak phase angle γ. In these two decay modes, there exist CP asymmetries because of the interference between weak and strong interaction. However, these asymmetries are too small to be measured easily.

**Abstract:**

We use the improved Faddeev-Jackiw quantization method to quantize the electromagnetic field and its Lagrange multiplier fields. The method's comparison with the usual Faddeev-Jackiw method and the Dirac method is given. We show that this method is equivalent to the Dirac method and also retains all the merits of the usual Faddeev-Jackiw method. Moreover, it is simpler than the usual one if one needs to obtain new secondary constraints. Therefore, the improved Faddeev-Jackiw method is essential. Meanwhile, we find the new meaning of the Lagrange multipliers and explain the Faddeev-Jackiw generalized brackets concerning the Lagrange multipliers.

**Abstract:**

Some authors consider the ψ(4415) to be the 4S or 5S excited tate of a cc pair. Starting from this assumption, we study he decays of the ψ(4415) to DD, D^{*}D^{*}, D_{S}D_{S}, D_{S}^{*}D_{S}^{*}, and get the corresponding branching ratios in terms of the Quark-Pair-Creation (QPC) model. Compared with the experimental data, we find that the results of 4S state agree much better than those of the 5S state. Therefore, it is more reasonable to assume the ψ(4415) to be a 4S state.

**Abstract:**

In this article, we assume that the D_{s}(2700) is a tetraquark state, which consists of a scalar diquark and a vector antidiquark, and calculate its mass with the QCD sum rules. The numerical result indicates that the mass of the vector charmed tetraquark state is about M_{V}=(3.75±0.18) GeV or M_{V}=(3.71±0.15) GeV from different sum rules, which is about 1 GeV larger than the experimental data. Such tetraquark omponent should be very small in the D_{s}(2700).

**Abstract:**

We study the Klein-Gordon oscillators in non-commutative (NC) phase space. We find that the Klein-Gordon oscillators in NC space and NC phase-space have a similar behaviour to the dynamics of a particle in commutative space moving in a uniform magnetic field. By solving the Klein-Gordon equation in NC phase space, we obtain the energy levels of the Klein-Gordon oscillators, where the additional terms related to the space-space and momentum-momentum non-commutativity are given explicitly.

**Abstract:**

Based on the six months data set of ARGO-YBJ experiment with analog read-out and its Monte Carlo simulation, we study the difference between different primaries induced showers by using the space-time information of the charged particles in Extensive Air Showers. With five parameters which can efficiently pick out primary proton induced showers as inputs of an artificial neural network, the proton spectrum from 100 TeV to 10 PeV can be obtained.

**Abstract:**

The interaction potential between a spherical and a deformed nucleus is calculated within the double-folding model for deformed nuclei. We solve the double folding potential numerically by using the truncated multipole expansion method. The shape, separation and orientation dependence of the interaction potential, fusion cross section and barrier distribution of the system ^{16}O+^{154}Sm are investigated by considering the quadrupole and hexadecapole deformations of ^{154}Sm. It is shown that the height and the position of the barrier depend strongly on the deformation and the orientation angles of the deformed nucleus. These are quite important quantities for heavy-ion fusion reactions, and hence produce great effects on the fusion cross section and barrier distribution.

**Abstract:**

The pre-scission neutrons measured in the reactions ^{16}O+^{181}Ta and ^{19}F+^{178}Hf are studied via a Langevin equation coupled with a statistical decay model. We find that because of the mass asymmetry of different entrance channels, the spin distributions of compound nuclei would be different, consequently, the measured neutrons in these two reactions would also different. This means that the entrance channel will affect the particle emission in the fission process of hot nuclei.

**Abstract:**

The experiment of this paper is the thermal test of the leakage current of silicon PIN detector. Raising temperature may cause the detector to increase leakage current, decrease depletion and increase noise. Three samples are used in the experiment. One (called ΔE) is the sample of 100 μm in thickness. The other two (called E_{1} and E_{2}) are stacks of five detectors of 1000 μm in thickness. All of them are 12 mm in diameter. The experiment has been done for 21 hours and with power on continuously. The samples have undergone more than 60℃ for about one hour. They are not degenerated when back to the room temperature. The depletion rate is temperature and bias voltage related. With the circuit of the experiment and temperature at 35℃, ΔE is still depleted while E_{1} and E_{2} are 94.9% and 99.7% depleted respectively. The noises of the samples can be derived from the values at room temperature and the thermal dependence of the leakage currents. With the addition of the noise of the pre-amplifier, the noises of E_{1}, E_{2} and ΔE at 24℃ are 16.4, 16.3, and 10.5 keV (FWHM) respectively while at 35℃ are about 33.6, 33.1, and 20.6 keV (FWHM) respectively.

**Abstract:**

An electrical model for multi-strip resistive plate chamber (RPC) is presented, and a comparison between simulation results and test data is carried on. Based on the model, the influences of the RPC's design parameters on the readout are studied with PSpice simulation. Cross-talk (CT) phenomenon is observed and the relative amplitudes of the CT are studied for different design parameters.

**Abstract:**

The necessity of installing a forward tracking detector stack is discussed for the Hadron Physics LanzhoU Spectrometer(HPLUS). A local tracker is developed to solve the multi-track finding problem. The track candidates are searched iteratively via Hough Transform. The fake tracks are removed by a least square fitting process. With this tracker we have studied the feasibility of

pp→pp+φ(→K

^{+}K

^{－}), a typical physical channel proposed on HPLUS. The single track momentum resolution due to the uncertainty of the positioning in FTD is 1.3%. The multiple scattering effect contributes about 20% to the momentum resolution in the FTD coverage. The width and the signal-to-background ratio of the reconstructed φ are 1.51 MeV and 4.36, respectively, taking into account the direct Kaon channel pp→pp+K

^{+}K

^{－}as background. The geometry coverage of FTD for φ events is about 85.4%. Based on the current fast simulation and estimation, the geometrical configuration of FTD meets the physical requirement of HPLUS under the current luminosity and multiplicity conditions. The tracker is applicable in the full simulation coming next and is extendable to other tracking component of HPLUS.

**Abstract:**

RF deflecting cavity can be used for bunch length measurement and is designed to diagnose the beam produced by the photocathode electron gun which was built at Tsinghua University for the Thomson scattering experiment. Detailed discussion and calculation for measuring the 3.5 MeV bunch and another with further acceleration to 50 MeV, which is under development, are presented. A standing-wave deflecting cavity working at 2856 MHz is designed and the power feeding system has been planned.

**Abstract:**

While an intense electron beam passes through the accelerating gaps of a linear induction accelerator, a strong wake field will be excited. In this paper a relatively simple model is established based on the interaction between the transverse magnetic wake field and the electron beam, and the numerical calculation in succession generates a magnetic wake field distribution along the accelerator and along the beam pulse as well. The axial electric wake field is derived based on the relation between field components of a resonant mode. According to some principles in existence, the influence of this field on the high voltage properties of the induction gap is analyzed. The Dragon-I accelerator is taken as an example, and its maximum electric wake field is about 17 kV/cm, which means the effect of the wake field is noticeable.

**Abstract:**

A number of superconducting cavities of axis-symmetric geometry have been considered to study the effect in order to achieve the desired performance. It is shown that the multipacting effect is strongly dependent on the condition of the RF surface and can be suppressed with reconsideration of the geometry. The simulation result is compared with the result of the semi-analytical model in the end.

**Abstract:**

BEPCII has two rings each with an injection system. The injection system of each ring consists of two kicker magnets and a septum magnet. The injection layout of two rings is the same. Both two kickers would kick the beam in horizontal plane. The betatron phase advance in the horizontal plane between two kickers is designed exactly 180° in order to reduce the perturbation to the circulating beams during injection. In fact, the residual orbit oscillation will originate because of the existence of a variety of errors. The Librea Electron BPM processor is used to acquire the beam position data in turn-by-turn mode and to analyze the residual orbit oscillation. According to the measurement results, minimization of the residual orbit oscillation can be done by adjusting the peak field strength and trigger timing delay of two kickers. With very small residual orbit oscillation the two beams can keep collision condition during the injection.

**Abstract:**

This paper describes a non-IQ controller for digital Low Level RF (LLRF) feedback control. Based on this non-IQ sampling method, arbitrary frequency relationship between ADC/DAC sampling clocks and IF signals can be employed. The nonlinearity in digital conversion can be reduced and the system dynamic performance improved. This paper analyzes the nonlinearity in conventional IQ sampling, gives the state variable description of the non-IQ algorithm, presents an implementation and its synchronization, and compares its performances with IQ sampling.

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

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- Cosmology

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