2009 Vol. 33, No. 4

Particle and field theory
Study of ππ final state interactions in ψ(2S)→π+π J/ψ
GUO Yu-Ping, PING Rong-Gang, XIAO Zhen-Jun
2009, 33(4): 245-248. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/001

The π+π transition of heavy quarkonia in decay ψ(2S)→π+π J/ψ is studied. With the BESII data on the decay ψ(2S)→π+π J/ψ, we update the values of coupling constants (gi) and chromopolarizability (αψ(2S)J/ψ) in this process.

Bipartite entanglement in a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain under aninhomogeneous magnetic field
QIN Meng, TIAN Dong-Ping
2009, 33(4): 249-251. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/002

This paper investigates the bipartite entanglement of a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain under an inhomogeneous magnetic field. By the concept of negativity, we find that the inhomogeneity of the magnetic field may induce entanglement and the critical magnetic field is independent of Jz. We also find that the entanglement is symmetric with respect to a zero magnetic field. The anisotropy parameter Jz may enhance the entanglement.

New physical effects on the decay Bs→γγ in the technicolor model
QIN Xiu-Mei, HUO Wu-Jun, YANG Xiao-Fang
2009, 33(4): 252-255. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/003

In this paper we calculate the contributions to the branching ratio of Bs→γγ from charged pseudo-Goldstone bosons appearing in the one generation Technicolor model. We find that the theoretical value of the branching ratio, BR(Bs→γγ), including the contributions of PGBs, P± and P±8, is very different from the standard model (SM) prediction. The new physical effects can provide a one to two order of magnitude enhancement of the SM results. It is shown that the decay Bs→γγ can test new physical signals from the technicolor model.

Nuclear and ion Physics
Unified description of angular distributions of target particles in light and heavy ion induced interactions in nuclear emulsions at high energies
2009, 33(4): 256-262. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/004

Some investigations show that in light ion (LI) induced reactions, such as He, O, Ne, and Ar in nuclear emulsions (Em) at high energies, the angular distributions of the target particles show a wide structure around the polar angle θ≈60°. With heavy ions (HI) such as Kr and Au such a wide structure has not been observed. The experimental results on Mg—Em and Si—Em interactions also do not show such a wide structure in the angular distribution of the target particles. Using a multisource ideal gas model we uniformly describe the angular distributions of the target particles produced in LI—Em and HI—Em interactions. The result is not only in agreement with the mean trend, but also with the fluctuations of the experimental data. We conclude that the wide structure observed in LI—Em interactions may be the result of statistical fluctuations.

Quark distributions in nuclei and nuclear effects on nucleon structure functions
WANG Yan-Zhao, ZHANG Hong-Fei, GAO Yong-Hua, HOU Zhao-Yu, DONG Jian-Min, DUAN Chun-Gui, ZUO Wei
2009, 33(4): 263-268. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/005

Extended quark distribution functions are presented obtained by fitting a large amount of experimental data of the l-A DIS process on the basis of an improved nuclear density model. The experimental data of l-A DIS processes with A≥3 in the region 0.0010≤x≤0.9500 are quite satisfactorily described by using the extended formulae. Our knowledge of the influence of nuclear matter on the quark distributions is deepened.

Analytical solution of a multidimensional Langevin equation at high friction limits and probability passing over a two-dimensional saddle
XING Yong-Zhong
2009, 33(4): 269-273. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/006

The analytical solution of a multidimensional Langevin equation at the overdamping limit is obtained and the probability of particles passing over a two-dimensional saddle point is discussed. These results may break a path for studying further the fusion in superheavy elements synthesis.

Charged-particle pseudorapidity distributions in Au+Au collisions at RHIC
WANG Zeng-Wei, JIANG Zhi-Jin
2009, 33(4): 274-280. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/007

Using the Glauber model, we present the formulas for calculating the numbers of participants, spectators and binary nucleon-nucleon collisions. Based on this work, we get the pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles as the function of the impact parameter in nucleus-nucleus collisions. The theoretical results agree well with the experimental observations made by the BRAHMS Collaboration in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV in different centrality bins over the whole pseudorapidity range.

Centrality, azimuthal and rapidity dependence of two-particle transverse-momentum correlation in relativistic heavy ion collisions
HUANG Yan-Ping, WU Yuan-Fang
2009, 33(4): 281-284. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/008

The centrality, azimuthal and rapidity dependence of two-particle transverse-momentum correlations are studied for Au-Au collision at 200 GeV using RQMD (relativistic quantum molecular dynamics) with and without final hadron re-scattering models. The influences of the re-scattering effects on the measured correlations are discussed. The results are compared with those from current heavy ion experiments.

Detection Technology and Methods
Study of the characteristics of a scintillation array and single pixels for nuclear medicine imaging applications
ZHU Jie, MA Hong-Guang, MA Wen-Yan, ZENG Hui, WANG Zhao-Min, XU Zi-Zong
2009, 33(4): 285-288. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/009

By using a pixelized Nal(Tl) crystal array coupled to a R2486 PSPMT, the characteristics of the array and of a single pixel, such as the light output, energy resolution, peak-to-valley ratio (P/V) and imaging performance of the detector were studied. The pixel size of the NaI(TI) scintillation pixel array is 2 mm×2 mm×5 mm. There are in total 484 pixels in a 22×22 matrix. In the pixel spectrum an average peak-to-valley ratio (P/V) of 16 was obtained. In the image of all the pixels, good values for the Peak-to-Valley ratios could be achieved, namely a mean of 17, a maximum of 45 and the average peak FWHM (the average value of intrinsic spatial resolution) of 2.3 mm. However, the PSPMT non-uniform response and the scintillation pixels array inhomogeneities degrade the imaging performance of the detector.

Study on the TU gas for the GEM-TPC detector
QI Hui-Rong, LI Yu-Lan, LI Jin, GAO Yuan-Ning, LI Yuan-Jing
2009, 33(4): 289-291. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/010

In this paper several different working gas mixtures for GEM-TPC were evaluated based on a Garfield simulation. Among them, Ar: CH4: CF4=90: 7: 3 (named herein TU gas) was selected for a detailed study because of its better performance. Some performances of drift velocity, transverse diffusion, spatial resolution and the effective number of electrons in various electric fields were obtained. The performance of a GEM-TPC prototype working in the TU gas was studied and compared with that in Ar: CH4=90: 10 (P10 gas).

Design of a 450 MHz β=0.2 single spoke cavity at PKU
YAO Zhong-Yuan, LU Xiang-Yang, ZHAO Kui
2009, 33(4): 292-296. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/011

The design of a 450 MHz β=0.2 superconducting single spoke cavity has been finished at Peking University. A theoretical model and a numerical simulation are used to study the relationship between the RF performance and the geometric parameters of the cavity. In this paper, the optimization of the spoke cavity is described in detail. The RF simulation gives the optimum parameters Epk/Eacc of 2.65 and Bpk/Eacc of 5.22 mT/(MV/m). The mechanical properties of the cavity are also studied. Two stiff ribs are used to offer a credible mechanical stability.

A GUI tool for beta function measurement using MATLAB
CHEN Guang-Ling, TIAN Shun-Qiang, JIANG Bo-Cheng, LIU Gui-Min
2009, 33(4): 297-300. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/012

The beta function measurement is used to detect the shift in the betatron tune as the strength of an individual quadrupole magnet is varied. A GUI (graphic user interface) tool for the beta function measurement is developed using the MATLAB program language in the Linux environment, which facilitates the commissioning of the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) storage ring. In this paper, we describe the design of the application and give some measuring results and discussions about the definition of the measurement. The program has been optimized to solve some restrictions of the AT tracking code. After the correction with LOCO (linear optics from closed orbits), the horizontal and the vertical root mean square values (rms values) can be reduced to 0.12 and 0.10.

Beam based alignment of the SSRF storage ring
ZHANG Man-Zhou, LI Hao-Hu, JIANG Bo-Cheng, LIU Gui-Min, LI De-Ming
2009, 33(4): 301-305. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/013

There are 140 beam position monitors (BPMs) in the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) storage ring used for measuring the closed orbit. As the BPM pickup electrodes are assembled directly on the vacuum chamber, it is important to calibrate the electrical center offset of the BPM to an adjacent quadrupole magnetic center. A beam based alignment (BBA) method which varies individual quadrupole magnet strength and observes its effects on the orbit is used to measure the BPM offsets in both the horizontal and vertical planes. It is a completely automated technique with various data processing methods. There are several parameters such as the strength change of the correctors and the quadrupoles which should be chosen carefully in real measurement. After several rounds of BBA measurement and closed orbit correction, these offsets are set to an accuracy better than 10 μm. In this paper we present the method of beam based calibration of BPMs, the experimental results of the SSRF storage ring, and the error analysis.

On the theory of photocathode rf guns
2009, 33(4): 306-310. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/014

In this paper we give a set of analytical formulae to describe the characteristics of photocathode rf guns at any rf frequencies, such as energy, energy spread, bunch length, out going current, and emittance etc. as functions of the laser injection phase, which are useful in the design and practical operation of rf guns.

Design study of a L-band DC photocathode gun
ZHU Xiong-Wei, WANG Shu-Hong, CHEN Sen-Yu
2009, 33(4): 311-314. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/015

In this paper, we the design study of a L-band DC photocathode gun injector for the ERL (Energy Recovery Linac) test facility. The main parameters of the injector are energy of 2.3 MeV, a bunch length of 2 ps, and a normalized emittance of 2.1 mm﹒mrad.

Synchrotron radiation,applications of nuclear techniquees,etc
Design of the IMP microbeam irradiation system for 100 MeV/u heavy ions
SHENG Li-Na, SONG Ming-Tao, ZHANG Xiao-Qi, YANG Xiao-Tian, GAO Da-Qing, HE Yuan, ZHANG Bin, LIU Jie, SUN You-Mei, DANG Bing-Rong, LI Wen-Jian, SU Hong, MAN Kai-Di, GUO Yi-Zhen, WANG Zhi-Guang, ZHAN Wen-Long
2009, 33(4): 315-320. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/4/016

A state-of-the-art high energy heavy ion microbeam irradiation system is constructed at the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. This microbeam system operates in both full current intensity mode and single ion mode. It delivers a predefined number of ions to pre-selected targets for research in biology and material science. The characteristic of this microbeam system is high energy and vertical irradiation. A quadrupole focusing system, in combination with a series of slits, has been designed to optimize the spatial resolution. A symmetrically achromatic system leads the beam downwards and serves simultaneously as an energy analyzer. A high gradient quadrupole triplet finally focuses a C6+ ion beam to 1 μm in the vacuum chamber within the energy range from 10 MeV/u to 100 MeV/u. In this paper, the IMP microbeam system is described in detail. A systematic investigation of the ion beam optics of this microbeam system is presented together with the associated aberrations. Comparison is made between the IMP microbeam system and the other existing systems to further discuss the performance of this microbeam. Then the optimized initial beam parameters are given for high resolution and high hitting efficiency. At last, the experiment platform is briefly introduced.