2009 Vol. 33, No. 5

Particle and field theory
Study of K*(892) mass and width splitting caused by model difference
LI Xiu-Rong, YUAN Chang-Zheng
2009, 33(5): 321-326. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/001

According to the new K*(892)0 and K*(892) masses reported by the BELLE experiment and the K*(892)0 mass reported by the FOCUS experiment, mass splitting between neutral and charged K*(892) becomes very small. This is significantly different from the current world average values given by the Particle Data Group 2008. We find that there are differences between models used to fit the K*(892) decay invariant mass spectra in different measurements and study the model dependence in the measurement of K*(892) parameters. We refit
the K*(892)0 mass spectra of the BELLE and FOCUS experiments with the formula used by BELLE in fitting K*(892) to get new mass and width. After refitting, the K*(892)0 mass of the BELLE experiment becomes 1.4 MeV/c2 larger than the initial value and that of the FOCUS experiment is 1 MeV/c2 smaller than the initial value. We also fit the spectra of some other experiments to extract the K*(892) parameters using the BELLE K*(892) parametrization.

CP violation in B→φKS decay in R-parity violating supersymmetry
WANG Shuai-Wei, LIU Yao-Bei, HUANG Jin-Shu
2009, 33(5): 327-331. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/002

In the framework of R-parity violating supersymmetry, we investigate the time dependent CP asymmetry SφKS anomaly of B→φKS decay. When the values of the weak phase φ in the R-parity violating coupling fall into certain parameter spaces (246°<φ<263°) we find that this anomaly can be easily explained; at the same time, the branching ratio of B→φKS decay can also be in agreement with experimental measurements.

B→0+(1+)+ missing energy in unparticle physics
Jamil Aslam
2009, 33(5): 332-339. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/003

We examine the effects of an unparticle U as a possible source of missing energy in the p-wave decays of a B meson. The dependence of the differential branching ratio on the K0*(K1)- meson's energy is discussed in the presence of scalar and vector unparticle operators and significant deviation from the standard model value is found after addition of these operators. Finally, we have shown the dependence of the branching ratio for the above-mentioned decays on the parameters of unparticle stuff like effective couplings, cutoff scale ΛU and the scale dimensions dU.

particle and nuclear astrophysics and cosmology
Properties of hybrid stars in an extended MIT bag model
BAO Tmurbagan, LIU Guang-Zhou, ZHU Ming-Feng
2009, 33(5): 340-344. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/004
The properties of hybrid stars are investigated in the framework of the relativistic mean field theory (RMFT) and an MIT bag model with density-dependent bag constant to describe the hadron phase (HP) and quark phase (QP), respectively. We find that the density-dependent B(ρ) decreases with baryon density ρ; this decrement makes the strange quark matter become more energetically favorable than ever, which makes the threshold densities of the hadron-quark phase transition lower than those of the original bag constant case. In this case, the hyperon degrees of freedom can not be considered. As a result, the equations of state of a star in the mixed phase (MP) become softer whereas those in the QP become stiffer, and the radii of the star obviously decrease. This indicates that the extended MIT bag model is more suitable to describe hybrid stars with small radii.
Nuclear and ion Physics
Investigation of self-affine multiplicity fluctuation of proton emission in 84Kr-AgBr interactions at 1.7 A GeV
ZHANG Dong-Hai, LI Hui-Ling
2009, 33(5): 345-349. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/005

Self-affine multiplicity scaling is investigated in the framework of a two-dimensional factorial moment methodology using the concept of the Hurst exponent (H). Investigation of the experimental data of medium-energy knocked-out target protons in 84Kr-AgBr interactions at 1.7 AGeV reveals that the best power law behavior is exhibited for H=0.4, indicating a self-affine multiplicity fluctuation pattern. Multifractality among the knocked-out target protons is also observed in the data.

Measurement of the astrophysical S factor for the low energy 2H(d,γ)4He reaction
ZHOU Jing, FU Yuan-Yong, ZHOU Shu-Hua, XIA Hai-Hong, LI Cheng-Bo, MENG Qiu-Ying
2009, 33(5): 350-353. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/006

The γ-rays and protons from an Ed= 20 keV deuteron beam incident on a D—Ti target were measured. A branching ratio of the 2H(d,γ)4He reaction versus the 2H(d,p)3H reaction of Γγp = (1.06±0.34)×10-7 has been obtained, and the astrophysical S factor of the 2H(d,γ)4He reaction at the center of mass energy Ecm≈7 keV of (6.0±2.4)×10-6 keV﹒b was deduced.

Calculation of α decay half-lives for superheavy elements using the double folding model
ZHANG Gao-Long, LE Xiao-Yun
2009, 33(5): 354-358. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/007

α decay half-lives of some new synthesized superheavy elements, possibly synthesized superheavy elements and decay products are calculated theoretically within the WKB approximation by using microscopic α-nucleus interaction potentials. These nuclear potentials between the α particle and daughter nuclei are obtained by using the double folding integral of the matter density distribution of the α particle and daughter nuclei with a density-dependent effective nucleon-nucleon interaction, in which the zero-range exchange term is supplemented. The calculated α decay half-lives are compared with those of the different models and experimental data. It is shown that the present calculation successfully provides the half-lives of the observed α decays for some new superheavy elements and therefore gives reliable predictions for α decay of possibly synthesized superheavy elements in future experiments.

Size of the freeze-out source in high energy heavy ion collisions
SHAN Lian-Qiang, WU Feng-Juan, GUAN Hui-Jun, ZHANG Jing-Bo, TANG Gui-Xin, HUO Lei
2009, 33(5): 359-363. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/008

Based on a hydro-inspired azimuthally symmetric emission function, we analyze the HBT radius Rs and the single-particle transverse momentum spectra in Au+Au collisions measured by the STAR Collaboration at √sNN=200 GeV. The results show that consistent assumptions about transverse density (and/or flow profile) in the calculation of the HBT radius Rs and single-particle spectral analyses play an important role for understanding the size of the freeze-out source.

Detection Technology and Methods
Study of a multi-wire proportional chamber with a cathode strip and delay-line readout
HAN Li-Ying, LI Qi-Te, Q. Faisal, GE Yu-Cheng, LIU Hong-Tao, YE Yan-Lin
2009, 33(5): 364-368. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/009

The design principle for a multi-wire proportional chamber with a cathode strip and delay-line readout is described. A prototype chamber of a size of 10 cm×10 cm was made together with the readout electronics circuit. A very clean signal with very low background noise was obtained by applying a transformer between the delay-line and the pre-amplifier in order to match the resistance. Along the anode wire direction a position resolution of less than 0.5 mm was achieved with a 55Fe-5.9 keV X ray source. The simple structure, large effective area and high position resolution allow the application of a gas chamber of this kind to many purposes.

Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources
YANG Shi-Yu, CAO Zhou, DA Dao-An, XUE Yu-Xiong
2009, 33(5): 369-373. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/010

The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the ``turn-off'' state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the ``turn-on'' state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout.

A prototype of a high rating MRPC
WANG Yi, WANG Jing-Bo, YAN Qiang, LI Yuan-Jing, CHENG Jian-Ping, YUE Qian, LI Jin
2009, 33(5): 374-377. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/011

Six-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) prototypes with semiconductive glass electrodes (bulk resistivity ~1010Ω﹒cm) were studied for suitability in time-of-flight (TOF) applications at high rates. These studies were performed using a continuous electron beam of 800 MeV at IHEP and an X-ray machine. Time resolutions of about 100 ps and efficiencies larger than 90% were obtained for flux densities up to 28 kHz/cm2.

Measurement of the neutron spectrum of a Pu-C source with a liquid scintillator
WANG Song-Lin, HUANG Han-Xiong, RUAN Xi-Chao, LI Xia, BAO Jie, NIE Yang-Bo, ZHONG Qi-Ping, ZHOU Zu-Ying, KONG Xiang-Zhong
2009, 33(5): 378-382. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/012

The neutron response function for a BC501A liquid scintillator (LS) has been measured using a series of monoenergetic neutrons produced by the p-T reaction. The proton energies were chosen such as to produce neutrons in the energy range of 1 to 20 MeV. The principles of the technique of unfolding a neutron energy spectrum by using the measured neutron response function and the measured Pulse Height (PH) spectrum is briefly described. The PH spectrum of neutrons from the Pu-C source, which will be used for the calibration of the reactor antineutrino detectors for the Daya Bay neutrino experiment, was measured and analyzed to get the neutron energy spectrum. Simultaneously the neutron energy spectrum of an Am-Be source was measured and compared with other measurements as a check of the result for the Pu-C source. Finally, an error analysis and a discussion of the results are given.

A method for interpolating asymmetric peak shapes in multiplet γ-ray spectra
WANG Si-Guang, MAO Ya-Jun, TANG Pei-Jia, ZHU Bo, LIANG Yu-Tie
2009, 33(5): 383-386. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/013

The peak shapes of γ-rays at various energies must be known before unfolding the multiplet spectra obtained by using semiconductor or scintillation detectors. Traditional methods describe isolated peaks with multi-parameter fitting functions, and assume that most of these parameters do not vary with energy because it is rare to find a spectrum with enough isolated peaks to constrain their dependence. We present an algorithm for interpolating the γ-ray profile at any intermediate energy given a pair of isolated γ-ray peaks from the spectrum under consideration. The algorithm is tested on experimental data and leads to a good agreement between the interpolated profile and the fitting function. This method is more accurate than the traditional approach, since all aspects of the peak shape are allowed to vary with energy. New definitions of Left-Half Width at Half Maximum, and Right-Half Width at Half Maximum for peak shape description are introduced in this paper.

RF system design and measurement of HIRF-CSRe
XU Zhe, ZHAO Hong-Wei, WANG Chun-Xiao, XIA Jia-Wen, ZHAN Wen-Long, BIAN Zhi-Bin
2009, 33(5): 387-392. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/014

An RF system for the CSRe (cooling storage experimental ring) is designed and
manufactured domestically. The present paper mainly describes the RF system
design in five main sections: ferrite ring, RF cavity, RF generator, low level system and cavity cooling. The cavity is based on a type of coaxial resonator which is shorted at the end with one gap and loaded with domestic ferrite rings. The RF generator is designed in the push-pull mode and the low level control system is based on a DSP+FGPA+DDS+USB interface and has three feedback loops. Finally we give the results of the measurement on our system.

Timing system of HIRFL-CSR
DONG Jin-Mei, YUAN You-Jin, QIAO Wei-Min, JING Lan, ZHANG Wei
2009, 33(5): 393-396. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/015

The national science project HIRFL-CSR has recently been officially accepted. As a cyclotron and synchrotron complex, it puts some particularly high demands on the control system. There are hundreds of pieces of equipment that need to be synchronized. An integrated timing control system is built to meet these demands. The output rate and the accuracy of the controller are 16 bit/μs. The accuracy of the time delay reaches 40 ns. The timing control system is based on a typical event distribution system, which adopts the new event generation and the distribution scheme. The scheme of the timing control system with innovation points, the architecture and the implemented method are presented in the paper.

Design and first commissioning of a new mode with lower emittance in the SSRF storage ring
ZHANG Wen-Zhi, TIAN Shun-Qiang, ZHANG Man-Zhou, HOU Jie, LI Hao-Hu, LIU Gui-Min, ZHAO Zhen-Tang
2009, 33(5): 397-400. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/016

A new mode is designed with an emittance of 2.47 nm﹒rad at 3.0 GeV beam energy, lower than the nominal mode of the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) storage ring. Details of the linear optics design and the nonlinear optimization are presented in this paper. During Phase I commissioning of the storage ring we tested the new optics mode and some expected results were obtained. After restoring the linear optics by means of the linear optics with closed orbit technique, the main parameters of the real machine agree well with the designed values and the injection efficiency and beam lifetime are acceptable.

Stop band characteristics of a TESLA cavity coaxial-type HOM coupler
WANG Er-Dong, WANG Fang, ZHANG Bao-Cheng, ZHAO Kui
2009, 33(5): 401-405. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/33/5/017

A TTF-type coaxial higher order modes (HOM) coupler has been used in a TESLA 9 cell cavity. It is impossible to measure the stop band characteristics of the HOM coupler with the cavity. A measurement device for the coaxial transmission line type for the HOM coupler has been designed at Peking University. Experimentally it was shown that the average voltage standing wave ratio of the coaxial transmission line is smaller than 1.08. The experimental results of the stop band characteristics of the TTF-type HOM coupler have been fitted for the simulation. This paper describes the design of the measurement device and discusses the experimental and simulation results of stop band characteristics of the HOM coupler.