## 2022 Vol. 46, No. 2

Display Method: |

2022, 46(2): 023101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3122

**Abstract:**

Owing to the special structure of a five-dimensional Elko spinor, its localization on a brane with codimension one becomes completely different from that of a Dirac spinor. By introducing the coupling between the Elko spinor and the scalar field that can generate the brane, we have two types of localization mechanism for the five-dimensional Elko spinor zero mode on a brane. One is the Yukawa-type coupling, and the other is the non-minimal coupling. In this study, we investigate the localization of the Elko zero mode on de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter thick branes with the two localization mechanisms, respectively. The results show that both the mechanisms can achieve localization. The forms of the scalar coupling function in both localization mechanisms have similar properties, and they play a similar role in localization.

2022, 46(2): 023102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3124

**Abstract:**

In this study, we investigate the Kotzinian-Mulders effect under semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) within the framework of transverse momentum dependent (TMD) factorization. The asymmetry is contributed by the convolution of the Kotzinian-Mulders function

*C*-coefficients and the corresponding collinear correlation function. The Wandzura-Wilczek approximation is used to obtain this correlation function. We perform a detailed phenomenological numerical analysis of the Kotzinian-Mulders effect in the SIDIS process within TMD factorization at the kinematics of the HERMES and COMPASS experiments. We observe that the obtained

2022, 46(2): 023103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3123

**Abstract:**

In this study, by combining the equal spacing rule with recent observations of

2022, 46(2): 023104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac31a4

**Abstract:**

Extensive dynamical

2022, 46(2): 023105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3567

**Abstract:**

In order to confirm the existence of the dibaryon state

2022, 46(2): 023106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3642

**Abstract:**

In our previous work [Phys. Rev. C

**101**, 014003 (2020)], the photoproduction reaction

*t*-channel

*K*,

*κ*exchanges,

*u*-channel Λ, Σ, and

*s*-channel

*N*,

*t*-channel

*K*exchange, while the

*s*-channel

2022, 46(2): 023107. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3a5a

**Abstract:**

In this study, the heavy to heavy decay of

2022, 46(2): 024001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3412

**Abstract:**

Cross sections of the

^{58,60,61}Ni(

*n*,

*α*)

^{55,57,58}Fe reactions were measured at 8.50, 9.50 and 10.50 MeV neutron energies based on the HI-13 tandem accelerator of China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) with enriched

^{58}Ni,

^{60}Ni, and

^{61}Ni foil samples with backings. A twin gridded ionization chamber (GIC) was used as the charged particle detector, and an EJ-309 liquid scintillator was used to obtain the neutron energy spectra. The relative and absolute neutron fluxes were determined via three highly enriched

^{238}U

_{3}O

_{8}samples inside the GIC. The uncertainty of the present data of the

^{58}Ni(

*n*,

*α*)

^{55}Fe reaction is smaller than most existing measurements. The present data of

^{60}Ni(

*n*,

*α*)

^{57}Fe and

^{61}Ni(

*n*,

*α*)

^{58}Fe reactions are the first measurement results above 8 MeV. The present experimental data could be reasonably reproduced by calculations with TALYS-1.9 by adjusting several default values of theoretical model parameters.

2022, 46(2): 024101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac321c

**Abstract:**

Neutron-deficient actinide nuclei provide a valuable window to probe heavy nuclear systems with large proton-neutron ratios. In recent years, several new neutron-deficient Uranium and Neptunium isotopes have been observed using

*α*-decay spectroscopy [Z. Y. Zhang

*et al.*, Phys. Rev. Lett.

**122**, 192503 (2019); L. Ma

*et al.*, Phys. Rev. Lett.

**125**, 032502 (2020); Z. Y. Zhang

*et al.*, Phys. Rev. Lett.

**126**, 152502 (2021)]. In spite of these achievements, some neutron-deficient key nuclei in this mass region are still unknown in experiments. Machine learning algorithms have been applied successfully in different branches of modern physics. It is interesting to explore their applicability in

*α*-decay studies. In this work, we propose a new model to predict the

*α*-decay energies and half-lives within the framework based on a machine learning algorithm called the Gaussian process. We first calculate the

*α*-decay properties of the new actinide nucleus

*α*-decay properties of some unknown neutron-deficient actinide isotopes and compare the results with traditional models. The results may be useful for future synthesis and identification of these unknown isotopes.

2022, 46(2): 024102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac338e

**Abstract:**

In this study, we investigate the effect of rotation on the masses of scalar and vector mesons in the framework of the 2-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. The existence of rotation produces a tedious quark propagator and a corresponding polarization function. By applying the random phase approximation, the meson mass is numerically calculated. It is found that the behavior of scalar and pseudoscalar meson masses under angular velocity

*ω*is similar to that at a finite chemical potential; both rely on the behavior of the constituent quark mass and reflect the property related to chiral symmetry. However, vector meson

*ρ*masses have a more profound relation to rotation. After analytical and numerical calculations, it turns out that at low temperature and small chemical potential, the mass for spin component

*ρ*decreases linearly with

*ω*and reaches zero at

2022, 46(2): 024103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac347a

**Abstract:**

We have calculated the potential energy surfaces for

^{240}Pu up to the scission point using the density functional theory with different pairing strengths to investigate the effect of pairing correlations on its fission properties. An enhancement in the pairing correlations lowers the barrier heights, isomeric state, and ridge between the symmetric and asymmetric fission valleys significantly. Moreover, it weakens the microscopic shell structure around the Fermi surface, shrinks the scission frontiers, especially for the symmetric and very asymmetric fission regions, and lifts the total kinetic energies (TKEs) for the symmetric fission region. It is also emphasized that the microscopic calculation qualitatively reproduces the trend of the distribution of the measured TKEs, especially for the positions of the peaks at

2022, 46(2): 024104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3748

**Abstract:**

High-order cumulants and factorial cumulants of conserved charges are suggested for the study of the critical dynamics in heavy-ion collision experiments. In this paper, using the parametric representation of the three-dimensional Ising model which is believed to belong to the same universality class as quantum chromo-dynamics, the temperature dependence of the second- to fourth-order (factorial) cumulants of the order parameter is studied. It is found that the values of the normalized cumulants are independent of the external magnetic field at the critical temperature, which results in a fixed point in the temperature dependence of the normalized cumulants. In finite-size systems simulated using the Monte Carlo method, this fixed point behavior still exists at temperatures near the critical. This fixed point behavior has also appeared in the temperature dependence of normalized factorial cumulants from at least the fourth order. With a mapping from the Ising model to QCD, the fixed point behavior is also found in the energy dependence of the normalized cumulants (or fourth-order factorial cumulants) along different freeze-out curves.

2022, 46(2): 024105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3749

**Abstract:**

In this study, the Pauli blocking potential between two colliding nuclei in the density overlapping region is applied to describe the heavy nuclei fusion process. Inspired by the Pauli blocking effect in the

2022, 46(2): 024106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac380a

**Abstract:**

We report a benchmark calculation for the Lipkin model in nuclear physics with a variational quantum eigensolver in quantum computing. Special attention is paid to the unitary coupled cluster (UCC) ansatz and structure learning (SL) ansatz for the trial wave function. Calculations with both the UCC and SL ansatz can reproduce the ground-state energy well; however, it is found that the calculation with the SL ansatz performs better than that with the UCC ansatz, and the SL ansatz has even fewer quantum gates than the UCC ansatz.

2022, 46(2): 024107. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3904

**Abstract:**

We investigate the effects of higher-order deformations

^{*}, DD-ME2, and PKDD. The doubly magic properties of

2022, 46(2): 024108. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac39fd

**Abstract:**

We investigate quantum kinetic theory for a massive fermion system under a rotational field. From the Dirac equation in rotating frame we derive the complete set of kinetic equations for the spin components of the 8- and 7-dimensional Wigner functions. While the particles are no longer on a mass shell in the general case due to the rotation–spin coupling, there are always only two independent components, which can be taken as the number and spin densities. With help from the off-shell constraint we obtain the closed transport equations for the two independent components in the classical limit and at the quantum level. The classical rotation–orbital coupling controls the dynamical evolution of the number density, but the quantum rotation–spin coupling explicitly changes the spin density.

2022, 46(2): 024109. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3bc7

**Abstract:**

*SU*(3) model and chiral perturbation theory (ChPT). In the chiral model, the in-medium properties of

*η*-mesons are calculated using medium modified scalar densities under the influence of an external magnetic field. Further, in a combined chiral model and ChPT approach, off-shell contributions of the

*SU*(3) model. We find that the magnetic field has a significant effect on the in-medium mass and optical potential of

*η*mesons, and we observe a deeper mass-shift in the combined chiral model and ChPT approach than in the solo chiral

*SU*(3) model. In both approaches, no additional mass-shift is observed due to the uncharged nature of

*η*mesons in the presence of a magnetic field.

2022, 46(2): 025101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3411

**Abstract:**

In this study, we investigate the possibilities of generating baryon number asymmetry under thermal equilibrium within the frameworks of teleparallel and symmetric teleparallel gravities. Through the derivative couplings of the torsion scalar and the non-metricity scalar to baryons, baryon number asymmetry is produced in the radiation dominated epoch. For gravitational baryogenesis mechanisms in these two frameworks, the produced baryon-to-entropy ratio is too small to be consistent with observations. However, the gravitational leptogenesis models within both frameworks have the potential to explain the observed baryon-antibaryon asymmetry.

2022, 46(2): 025102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ac3643

**Abstract:**

We develop the regular black hole solutions by incorporating the 1-loop quantum correction to the Newton potential and a time delay between an observer at the regular center and one at infinity. We define the maximal time delay between the center and the infinity by scanning the mass of black holes such that the sub-Planckian feature of the Kretschmann scalar curvature is preserved during the process of evaporation. We also compare the distinct behavior of the Kretschmann curvature for black holes with asymptotically Minkowski cores and those with asymptotically de-Sitter cores, including Bardeen and Hayward black holes. We expect that such regular black holes may provide more information about the construction of effective metrics for Planck stars.

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

- Particle physics
- Nuclear physics
- Particle and nuclear astrophysics
- Cosmology

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