## 2023 Vol. 47, No. 12

Display Method: |

2023, 47(12): 123001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfaee

**Abstract:**

Over the past few years, phonon detectors have emerged as a prevailing technology for detecting low-mass dark matter due to their low thresholds and high resolution. These detectors, which employ either dual-phase detectors combining phonon-light or phonon-electron interactions, have significantly advanced direct dark matter detection efforts. Argon, as a low-background and high-reserve detection medium, has also played a crucial role in this field. Both liquid-argon single-phase detectors and gas-liquid two-phase time projection chambers (TPCs) have contributed substantially to the direct detection of high-mass dark matter. By integrating these distinct detector types, the upper limits of the corresponding mass cross-section in dark matter detection can be lowered. We propose a phonon detector utilizing solid argon as the absorber, which combines the advantages of both aforementioned detector types. However, due to the requirement for an ultra-low temperature environment in the tens of millikelvin (mK) range, experimental investigations of solid argon phonon detector performance are currently constrained by technical limitations. Therefore, the performance analysis of the solid argon phonon detector presented in this study is only based on sapphire phonon detectors. Although there may be discrepancies between this approximation and the actual performance, the intrinsic characteristics of phonon detectors permit a qualitative evaluation of the solid argon phonon detector's potential capabilities.

2023, 47(12): 123002. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf91f

**Abstract:**

We present a study of the measurement of the effective weak mixing angle parameter (

*Z*boson mass pole at high instataneous luminosity, providing a large data sample with

*b*quark final state is 0.00010, which will be an important experimental observation on the energy-running effect of

2023, 47(12): 123101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf65e

**Abstract:**

The possible hadronic molecules in

2023, 47(12): 123102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfaf1

**Abstract:**

In 2018, the CMS collaboration reported a di-photon excess at approximately 95.3 GeV with a local significance of 2.8

*σ*. Interestingly, the CMS collaboration also recently reported a di-tau excess at

*σ*was reported from LEP data approximately twenty years ago. In this study, we addressed the interpretation of these excesses together with a light Higgs boson in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). We conclude that, in the NMSSM, the

*Z*boson, we also checked the light Higgs boson in the

2023, 47(12): 123103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad0111

**Abstract:**

In this study, we investigate the mass spectra of

*π*and

*σ*mesons at finite chemical potential using the self-consistent NJL model and the Fierz-transformed interaction Lagrangian. The model introduces an arbitrary parameter

*α*to reflect the weights of the Fierz-transformed interaction channels. We show that, when

*α*exceeds a certain threshold value, the chiral phase transition transforms from a first-order one to a smooth crossover, which is evident from the behaviors of the chiral condensates and meson masses. Additionally, at a high chemical potential, the smaller the value of

*α*, the higher the masses of the

*π*and

*σ*mesons. Moreover, the Mott and dissociation chemical potentials increase with the increase in

*α*. Thus, the meson mass emerges as a valuable experimental observable for determining the value of

*α*and investigating the properties of the chiral phase transition in dense QCD matter.

2023, 47(12): 123104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad0620

**Abstract:**

The Witten effect implies the presence of electric charge of magnetic monople and the possible relationship between axion and dyon. The axion-dyon dynamics can be reliably built based on the quantum electromagnetodynamics (QEMD) which was developed by Schwinger and Zwanziger in the 1960's. A generic low-energy axion-photon effective field theory can also be realized in the language of “generalized symmetries” with higher-form symmetries and background gauge fields. In this work, we implement the quantum calculation of the axion-single photon transition rate inside a homogeneous electromagnetic field in terms of the new axion interaction Hamiltonian in QEMD. This quantum calculation can clearly imply the enhancement of conversion rate through resonant cavity in axion haloscope experiments. We also show the promising potentials on the cavity search of new axion-photon couplings.

2023, 47(12): 124001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf920

**Abstract:**

The neutron-induced total cross-section of

^{209}Bi is crucial for the physical design and safety assessment of lead-based fast reactors, and the quality of experimental data should be improved for evaluation and application. A recent experiment was conducted on the back-streaming white neutron beamline (Back-n) at the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) using the neutron total cross-section spectrometer (NTOX). The neutron energy was determined using a fast multi-cell fission chamber and the time-of-flight technique. Two high-purity bismuth samples, 6 mm and 20 mm in thickness, were chosen for neutron transmission measurements and comparisons. The neutron total cross-sections of

^{209}Bi, ranging from 0.3 eV to 20 MeV, were derived considering neutron flight time determination, flight path calibration, and background subtraction. A comparison of the experimental results with the data in the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library showed fair agreement, and the point-wise cross-sections were found to be consistent with existing experimental data. Special attention was given to the determination of resonance parameters, which were analyzed using the

**-matrix code SAMMY and Bayesian method in the 0.5 keV to 20 keV energy range. The extracted resonance parameters were compared to previously reported results and evaluated data. This study is recognized as the first one where the neutron total cross-section of bismuth across such a broad energy spectrum is measured in a single measurement or experiment, and it provides valuable data for the assessment of related reaction information for evaluated libraries and the advancement of lead-bismuth-based nuclear systems.**

*R*
2023, 47(12): 124002. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfaed

**Abstract:**

The

*γ*-ray spectrometric technique. The experimental isomeric yield ratio (

*IR*) was determined for the reaction products

*IR*are in satisfactory agreement with the results of other studies and extend the range of previously known data. The theoretical values of the yields

*IR*for the isomeric pair

*IR*on energy was confirmed – the

*IR*smoothly increases with increasing energy. The comparison showed a noticeable difference (more than 3.85 times) in the experimental

*IR*relative to all theoretical estimates.

2023, 47(12): 124101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf035

**Abstract:**

Mirror energy difference is a key observable in isospin symmetry breaking, containing rich information about nuclear structure. Understanding the mechanisms underlying mirror energy difference is important in nuclear physics. In the present work, we extensively investigated mirror energy difference using

*ab initio*valence-space in-medium similarity renormalization group approach, focusing specifically on

*ab initio*calculations with shell model results, elucidating the relationship and coherence between these two models.

2023, 47(12): 124102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf7b5

**Abstract:**

From both the fundamental and applied perspectives, fragment mass distributions are important observables of fission. We apply the Bayesian neural network (BNN) approach to learn the existing neutron induced fission yields and predict unknowns with uncertainty quantification. Comparing the predicted results with experimental data, the BNN evaluation results are found to be satisfactory for the distribution positions and energy dependencies of fission yields. Predictions are made for the fragment mass distributions of several actinides, which may be useful for future experiments.

2023, 47(12): 124103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf91e

**Abstract:**

The in-medium feature of nuclear force, which includes both nucleon-nucleon (

2023, 47(12): 124104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf7b8

**Abstract:**

The reduced strong absorption distance

*z*is in agreement with other theoretical barrier laws extracted from the fusion reaction. Furthermore, the reason why the binding energy or deformation has little effect on the linear relationship of

*z*is clarified.

2023, 47(12): 124105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad021f

**Abstract:**

This study proposes an optimized method for estimating atomic nucleus masses by combining the finite-range droplet model (FRDM) with the support vector machine algorithm. The optimization process significantly improves the accuracy of the FRDM by reducing the root mean square error from 0.606 to 0.253 MeV. The optimized mass data obtained from this method are then used to calculate the evaporation residue cross-sections (ERCSs) for fusion-evaporation reactions, employing the di-nuclear system model. The experimental results for the

^{48}Ca+

^{238}U reaction are relatively well reproduced using these optimized mass data. Additionally, the study investigates the impact of mass uncertainties on fusion and survival probabilities. By considering the mass uncertainties, the ERCSs for new elements 119 and 120 are predicted based on the obtained optimized mass data.

2023, 47(12): 125101. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfaf0

**Abstract:**

We investigate the possible anisotropy of the universe using data on the most up-to-date type Ia supernovae,

*i.e*., the Pantheon+ compilation. We fit the full Pantheon+ data with the dipole-modulated ΛCDM model and find that the data are well consistent with a null dipole. We further divide the full sample into several subsamples with different high-redshift cutoffs

2023, 47(12): 125102. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfcb0

**Abstract:**

We consider Einstein-Weyl gravity with a minimally coupled scalar field in four dimensional spacetime. Using the minimal geometric deformation (MGD) approach, we split the highly nonlinear coupled field equations into two subsystems that describe the background geometry and scalar field source, respectively. By considering the Schwarzschild-AdS metric as background geometry, we derive analytical approximate solutions of the scalar field and deformation metric functions using the homotopy analysis method (HAM), providing their analytical approximations to fourth order. Moreover, we discuss the accuracy of the analytical approximations, showing they are sufficiently accurate throughout the exterior spacetime.

2023, 47(12): 125103. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acf3d5

**Abstract:**

We investigate the quasinormal mode and greybody factor of Bardeen black holes with a cloud of strings via the WKB approximation and verify them using the Prony algorithm. We find that the imaginary part of the quasinormal mode spectra is always negative, and the perturbation does not increase with time, indicating that the system is stable under scalar field perturbation. Moreover, the string parameter

*a*has a dramatic impact on the frequency and decay rate of the waveforms. In addition, the greybody factor increases when

*a*and

*λ*increase and when

*q*and

*l*decrease. The parameters

*λ*and

*l*have a significant effect on the tails. In particular, when

2023, 47(12): 125104. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad010f

**Abstract:**

In this study, we explore the concept of cosmological inflation within the framework of the

*f*is a general function of the torsion scalar

*T*and the trace

*r*, scalar spectral index

2023, 47(12): 125105. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/acfaef

**Abstract:**

Owing to its low electronic noise and flexible target materials, the Spherical Proportional Counter (SPC) with a single electron detection threshold can be utilized to search for sub-GeV dark matter (DM). In this study, we investigate the prospects for light DM direct detection via the DM-nucleus Migdal effect in the DARKSPHERE detector. We consider different DM velocity distributions and momentum-transfer effects. For Xenon and Neon targets, we find that the DM mass

2023, 47(12): 125106. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad010e

**Abstract:**

We investigate astrophysical accretion onto a static and spherically symmetric hairy black hole within the framework of gravitational decoupling. To achieve this goal, we examine the accretion procedure for several types of perfect fluids, including polytropic fluid and ultra-stiff, ultra-relativistic, radiation, and sub-relativistic isothermal fluids. Moreover, we determine the critical or sonic points for numerous fluid forms that are accreting onto the black hole by utilizing the Hamiltonian dynamical approach. Additionally, the closed form of the solutions are presented for a number of fluids, which are represented in phase diagram curves. We estimate the mass accretion rate of a static and spherically symmetric hairy black hole within the framework of gravitational decoupling. These findings are helpful in constraining the parameters of black holes while physical matter accretes onto the black holes.

2023, 47(12): 129001. doi: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad0377

**Abstract:**

In Liaqat and Hussain (2022) it was proved that the effect of dark energy with

*r*and then increases the energy for comparatively larger values of

*r*.

**ISSN** 1674-1137 **CN** 11-5641/O4

Original research articles, Ietters and reviews Covering theory and experiments in the fieids of

- Particle physics
- Nuclear physics
- Particle and nuclear astrophysics
- Cosmology

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